Linux Kernel iMX6
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/*
* A driver for the Omnikey PCMCIA smartcard reader CardMan 4040
*
* (c) 2000-2004 Omnikey AG (http://www.omnikey.com/)
*
* (C) 2005-2006 Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>
* - add support for poll()
* - driver cleanup
* - add waitqueues
* - adhere to linux kernel coding style and policies
* - support 2.6.13 "new style" pcmcia interface
* - add class interface for udev device creation
*
* The device basically is a USB CCID compliant device that has been
* attached to an I/O-Mapped FIFO.
*
* All rights reserved, Dual BSD/GPL Licensed.
*/
/* #define PCMCIA_DEBUG 6 */
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <pcmcia/cs_types.h>
#include <pcmcia/cs.h>
#include <pcmcia/cistpl.h>
#include <pcmcia/cisreg.h>
#include <pcmcia/ciscode.h>
#include <pcmcia/ds.h>
#include "cm4040_cs.h"
#ifdef PCMCIA_DEBUG
#define reader_to_dev(x) (&handle_to_dev(x->p_dev->handle))
static int pc_debug = PCMCIA_DEBUG;
module_param(pc_debug, int, 0600);
#define DEBUGP(n, rdr, x, args...) do { \
if (pc_debug >= (n)) \
dev_printk(KERN_DEBUG, reader_to_dev(rdr), "%s:" x, \
__FUNCTION__ , ##args); \
} while (0)
#else
#define DEBUGP(n, rdr, x, args...)
#endif
static char *version =
"OMNIKEY CardMan 4040 v1.1.0gm5 - All bugs added by Harald Welte";
#define CCID_DRIVER_BULK_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT (150*HZ)
#define CCID_DRIVER_ASYNC_POWERUP_TIMEOUT (35*HZ)
#define CCID_DRIVER_MINIMUM_TIMEOUT (3*HZ)
#define READ_WRITE_BUFFER_SIZE 512
#define POLL_LOOP_COUNT 1000
/* how often to poll for fifo status change */
#define POLL_PERIOD msecs_to_jiffies(10)
static void reader_release(struct pcmcia_device *link);
static int major;
static struct class *cmx_class;
#define BS_READABLE 0x01
#define BS_WRITABLE 0x02
struct reader_dev {
struct pcmcia_device *p_dev;
dev_node_t node;
wait_queue_head_t devq;
wait_queue_head_t poll_wait;
wait_queue_head_t read_wait;
wait_queue_head_t write_wait;
unsigned long buffer_status;
unsigned long timeout;
unsigned char s_buf[READ_WRITE_BUFFER_SIZE];
unsigned char r_buf[READ_WRITE_BUFFER_SIZE];
struct timer_list poll_timer;
};
static struct pcmcia_device *dev_table[CM_MAX_DEV];
#ifndef PCMCIA_DEBUG
#define xoutb outb
#define xinb inb
#else
static inline void xoutb(unsigned char val, unsigned short port)
{
if (pc_debug >= 7)
printk(KERN_DEBUG "outb(val=%.2x,port=%.4x)\n", val, port);
outb(val, port);
}
static inline unsigned char xinb(unsigned short port)
{
unsigned char val;
val = inb(port);
if (pc_debug >= 7)
printk(KERN_DEBUG "%.2x=inb(%.4x)\n", val, port);
return val;
}
#endif
/* poll the device fifo status register. not to be confused with
* the poll syscall. */
static void cm4040_do_poll(unsigned long dummy)
{
struct reader_dev *dev = (struct reader_dev *) dummy;
unsigned int obs = xinb(dev->p_dev->io.BasePort1
+ REG_OFFSET_BUFFER_STATUS);
if ((obs & BSR_BULK_IN_FULL)) {
set_bit(BS_READABLE, &dev->buffer_status);
DEBUGP(4, dev, "waking up read_wait\n");
wake_up_interruptible(&dev->read_wait);
} else
clear_bit(BS_READABLE, &dev->buffer_status);
if (!(obs & BSR_BULK_OUT_FULL)) {
set_bit(BS_WRITABLE, &dev->buffer_status);
DEBUGP(4, dev, "waking up write_wait\n");
wake_up_interruptible(&dev->write_wait);
} else
clear_bit(BS_WRITABLE, &dev->buffer_status);
if (dev->buffer_status)
wake_up_interruptible(&dev->poll_wait);
mod_timer(&dev->poll_timer, jiffies + POLL_PERIOD);
}
static void cm4040_stop_poll(struct reader_dev *dev)
{
del_timer_sync(&dev->poll_timer);
}
static int wait_for_bulk_out_ready(struct reader_dev *dev)
{
int i, rc;
int iobase = dev->p_dev->io.BasePort1;
for (i = 0; i < POLL_LOOP_COUNT; i++) {
if ((xinb(iobase + REG_OFFSET_BUFFER_STATUS)
& BSR_BULK_OUT_FULL) == 0) {
DEBUGP(4, dev, "BulkOut empty (i=%d)\n", i);
return 1;
}
}
DEBUGP(4, dev, "wait_event_interruptible_timeout(timeout=%ld\n",
dev->timeout);
rc = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(dev->write_wait,
test_and_clear_bit(BS_WRITABLE,
&dev->buffer_status),
dev->timeout);
if (rc > 0)
DEBUGP(4, dev, "woke up: BulkOut empty\n");
else if (rc == 0)
DEBUGP(4, dev, "woke up: BulkOut full, returning 0 :(\n");
else if (rc < 0)
DEBUGP(4, dev, "woke up: signal arrived\n");
return rc;
}
/* Write to Sync Control Register */
static int write_sync_reg(unsigned char val, struct reader_dev *dev)
{
int iobase = dev->p_dev->io.BasePort1;
int rc;
rc = wait_for_bulk_out_ready(dev);
if (rc <= 0)
return rc;
xoutb(val, iobase + REG_OFFSET_SYNC_CONTROL);
rc = wait_for_bulk_out_ready(dev);
if (rc <= 0)
return rc;
return 1;
}
static int wait_for_bulk_in_ready(struct reader_dev *dev)
{
int i, rc;
int iobase = dev->p_dev->io.BasePort1;
for (i = 0; i < POLL_LOOP_COUNT; i++) {
if ((xinb(iobase + REG_OFFSET_BUFFER_STATUS)
& BSR_BULK_IN_FULL) == BSR_BULK_IN_FULL) {
DEBUGP(3, dev, "BulkIn full (i=%d)\n", i);
return 1;
}
}
DEBUGP(4, dev, "wait_event_interruptible_timeout(timeout=%ld\n",
dev->timeout);
rc = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(dev->read_wait,
test_and_clear_bit(BS_READABLE,
&dev->buffer_status),
dev->timeout);
if (rc > 0)
DEBUGP(4, dev, "woke up: BulkIn full\n");
else if (rc == 0)
DEBUGP(4, dev, "woke up: BulkIn not full, returning 0 :(\n");
else if (rc < 0)
DEBUGP(4, dev, "woke up: signal arrived\n");
return rc;
}
static ssize_t cm4040_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct reader_dev *dev = filp->private_data;
int iobase = dev->p_dev->io.BasePort1;
size_t bytes_to_read;
unsigned long i;
size_t min_bytes_to_read;
int rc;
unsigned char uc;
DEBUGP(2, dev, "-> cm4040_read(%s,%d)\n", current->comm, current->pid);
if (count == 0)
return 0;
if (count < 10)
return -EFAULT;
if (filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
DEBUGP(4, dev, "filep->f_flags O_NONBLOCK set\n");
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_read (failure)\n");
return -EAGAIN;
}
if ((dev->p_dev->state & DEV_PRESENT)==0)
return -ENODEV;
for (i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
rc = wait_for_bulk_in_ready(dev);
if (rc <= 0) {
DEBUGP(5, dev, "wait_for_bulk_in_ready rc=%.2x\n", rc);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_read (failed)\n");
if (rc == -ERESTARTSYS)
return rc;
return -EIO;
}
dev->r_buf[i] = xinb(iobase + REG_OFFSET_BULK_IN);
#ifdef PCMCIA_DEBUG
if (pc_debug >= 6)
printk(KERN_DEBUG "%lu:%2x ", i, dev->r_buf[i]);
}
printk("\n");
#else
}
#endif
bytes_to_read = 5 + le32_to_cpu(*(__le32 *)&dev->r_buf[1]);
DEBUGP(6, dev, "BytesToRead=%lu\n", bytes_to_read);
min_bytes_to_read = min(count, bytes_to_read + 5);
DEBUGP(6, dev, "Min=%lu\n", min_bytes_to_read);
for (i = 0; i < (min_bytes_to_read-5); i++) {
rc = wait_for_bulk_in_ready(dev);
if (rc <= 0) {
DEBUGP(5, dev, "wait_for_bulk_in_ready rc=%.2x\n", rc);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_read (failed)\n");
if (rc == -ERESTARTSYS)
return rc;
return -EIO;
}
dev->r_buf[i+5] = xinb(iobase + REG_OFFSET_BULK_IN);
#ifdef PCMCIA_DEBUG
if (pc_debug >= 6)
printk(KERN_DEBUG "%lu:%2x ", i, dev->r_buf[i]);
}
printk("\n");
#else
}
#endif
*ppos = min_bytes_to_read;
if (copy_to_user(buf, dev->r_buf, min_bytes_to_read))
return -EFAULT;
rc = wait_for_bulk_in_ready(dev);
if (rc <= 0) {
DEBUGP(5, dev, "wait_for_bulk_in_ready rc=%.2x\n", rc);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_read (failed)\n");
if (rc == -ERESTARTSYS)
return rc;
return -EIO;
}
rc = write_sync_reg(SCR_READER_TO_HOST_DONE, dev);
if (rc <= 0) {
DEBUGP(5, dev, "write_sync_reg c=%.2x\n", rc);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_read (failed)\n");
if (rc == -ERESTARTSYS)
return rc;
else
return -EIO;
}
uc = xinb(iobase + REG_OFFSET_BULK_IN);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_read (successfully)\n");
return min_bytes_to_read;
}
static ssize_t cm4040_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
{
struct reader_dev *dev = filp->private_data;
int iobase = dev->p_dev->io.BasePort1;
ssize_t rc;
int i;
unsigned int bytes_to_write;
DEBUGP(2, dev, "-> cm4040_write(%s,%d)\n", current->comm, current->pid);
if (count == 0) {
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_write empty read (successfully)\n");
return 0;
}
if (count < 5) {
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_write buffersize=%Zd < 5\n", count);
return -EIO;
}
if (filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
DEBUGP(4, dev, "filep->f_flags O_NONBLOCK set\n");
DEBUGP(4, dev, "<- cm4040_write (failure)\n");
return -EAGAIN;
}
if ((dev->p_dev->state & DEV_PRESENT) == 0)
return -ENODEV;
bytes_to_write = count;
if (copy_from_user(dev->s_buf, buf, bytes_to_write))
return -EFAULT;
switch (dev->s_buf[0]) {
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_XFRBLOCK:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_SECURE:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_TEST_SECURE:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_OK_SECURE:
dev->timeout = CCID_DRIVER_BULK_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT;
break;
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_ICCPOWERON:
dev->timeout = CCID_DRIVER_ASYNC_POWERUP_TIMEOUT;
break;
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_GETSLOTSTATUS:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_ICCPOWEROFF:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_GETPARAMETERS:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_RESETPARAMETERS:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_SETPARAMETERS:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_ESCAPE:
case CMD_PC_TO_RDR_ICCCLOCK:
default:
dev->timeout = CCID_DRIVER_MINIMUM_TIMEOUT;
break;
}
rc = write_sync_reg(SCR_HOST_TO_READER_START, dev);
if (rc <= 0) {
DEBUGP(5, dev, "write_sync_reg c=%.2Zx\n", rc);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_write (failed)\n");
if (rc == -ERESTARTSYS)
return rc;
else
return -EIO;
}
DEBUGP(4, dev, "start \n");
for (i = 0; i < bytes_to_write; i++) {
rc = wait_for_bulk_out_ready(dev);
if (rc <= 0) {
DEBUGP(5, dev, "wait_for_bulk_out_ready rc=%.2Zx\n",
rc);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_write (failed)\n");
if (rc == -ERESTARTSYS)
return rc;
else
return -EIO;
}
xoutb(dev->s_buf[i],iobase + REG_OFFSET_BULK_OUT);
}
DEBUGP(4, dev, "end\n");
rc = write_sync_reg(SCR_HOST_TO_READER_DONE, dev);
if (rc <= 0) {
DEBUGP(5, dev, "write_sync_reg c=%.2Zx\n", rc);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_write (failed)\n");
if (rc == -ERESTARTSYS)
return rc;
else
return -EIO;
}
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_write (successfully)\n");
return count;
}
static unsigned int cm4040_poll(struct file *filp, poll_table *wait)
{
struct reader_dev *dev = filp->private_data;
unsigned int mask = 0;
poll_wait(filp, &dev->poll_wait, wait);
if (test_and_clear_bit(BS_READABLE, &dev->buffer_status))
mask |= POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
if (test_and_clear_bit(BS_WRITABLE, &dev->buffer_status))
mask |= POLLOUT | POLLWRNORM;
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_poll(%u)\n", mask);
return mask;
}
static int cm4040_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
struct reader_dev *dev;
struct pcmcia_device *link;
int minor = iminor(inode);
if (minor >= CM_MAX_DEV)
return -ENODEV;
link = dev_table[minor];
if (link == NULL || !(DEV_OK(link)))
return -ENODEV;
if (link->open)
return -EBUSY;
dev = link->priv;
filp->private_data = dev;
if (filp->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
DEBUGP(4, dev, "filep->f_flags O_NONBLOCK set\n");
return -EAGAIN;
}
link->open = 1;
dev->poll_timer.data = (unsigned long) dev;
mod_timer(&dev->poll_timer, jiffies + POLL_PERIOD);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_open (successfully)\n");
return nonseekable_open(inode, filp);
}
static int cm4040_close(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
struct reader_dev *dev = filp->private_data;
struct pcmcia_device *link;
int minor = iminor(inode);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "-> cm4040_close(maj/min=%d.%d)\n", imajor(inode),
iminor(inode));
if (minor >= CM_MAX_DEV)
return -ENODEV;
link = dev_table[minor];
if (link == NULL)
return -ENODEV;
cm4040_stop_poll(dev);
link->open = 0;
wake_up(&dev->devq);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- cm4040_close\n");
return 0;
}
static void cm4040_reader_release(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
struct reader_dev *dev = link->priv;
DEBUGP(3, dev, "-> cm4040_reader_release\n");
while (link->open) {
DEBUGP(3, dev, KERN_INFO MODULE_NAME ": delaying release "
"until process has terminated\n");
wait_event(dev->devq, (link->open == 0));
}
DEBUGP(3, dev, "<- cm4040_reader_release\n");
return;
}
static void reader_config(struct pcmcia_device *link, int devno)
{
struct reader_dev *dev;
tuple_t tuple;
cisparse_t parse;
u_char buf[64];
int fail_fn, fail_rc;
int rc;
tuple.DesiredTuple = CISTPL_CONFIG;
tuple.Attributes = 0;
tuple.TupleData = buf;
tuple.TupleDataMax = sizeof(buf);
tuple.TupleOffset = 0;
if ((fail_rc = pcmcia_get_first_tuple(link, &tuple)) != CS_SUCCESS) {
fail_fn = GetFirstTuple;
goto cs_failed;
}
if ((fail_rc = pcmcia_get_tuple_data(link, &tuple)) != CS_SUCCESS) {
fail_fn = GetTupleData;
goto cs_failed;
}
if ((fail_rc = pcmcia_parse_tuple(link, &tuple, &parse))
!= CS_SUCCESS) {
fail_fn = ParseTuple;
goto cs_failed;
}
link->state |= DEV_CONFIG;
link->conf.ConfigBase = parse.config.base;
link->conf.Present = parse.config.rmask[0];
link->io.BasePort2 = 0;
link->io.NumPorts2 = 0;
link->io.Attributes2 = 0;
tuple.DesiredTuple = CISTPL_CFTABLE_ENTRY;
for (rc = pcmcia_get_first_tuple(link, &tuple);
rc == CS_SUCCESS;
rc = pcmcia_get_next_tuple(link, &tuple)) {
rc = pcmcia_get_tuple_data(link, &tuple);
if (rc != CS_SUCCESS)
continue;
rc = pcmcia_parse_tuple(link, &tuple, &parse);
if (rc != CS_SUCCESS)
continue;
link->conf.ConfigIndex = parse.cftable_entry.index;
if (!parse.cftable_entry.io.nwin)
continue;
link->io.BasePort1 = parse.cftable_entry.io.win[0].base;
link->io.NumPorts1 = parse.cftable_entry.io.win[0].len;
link->io.Attributes1 = IO_DATA_PATH_WIDTH_AUTO;
if (!(parse.cftable_entry.io.flags & CISTPL_IO_8BIT))
link->io.Attributes1 = IO_DATA_PATH_WIDTH_16;
if (!(parse.cftable_entry.io.flags & CISTPL_IO_16BIT))
link->io.Attributes1 = IO_DATA_PATH_WIDTH_8;
link->io.IOAddrLines = parse.cftable_entry.io.flags
& CISTPL_IO_LINES_MASK;
rc = pcmcia_request_io(link, &link->io);
dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &handle_to_dev(link), "foo");
if (rc == CS_SUCCESS)
break;
else
dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &handle_to_dev(link),
"pcmcia_request_io failed 0x%x\n", rc);
}
if (rc != CS_SUCCESS)
goto cs_release;
link->conf.IntType = 00000002;
if ((fail_rc = pcmcia_request_configuration(link,&link->conf))
!=CS_SUCCESS) {
fail_fn = RequestConfiguration;
dev_printk(KERN_INFO, &handle_to_dev(link),
"pcmcia_request_configuration failed 0x%x\n",
fail_rc);
goto cs_release;
}
dev = link->priv;
sprintf(dev->node.dev_name, DEVICE_NAME "%d", devno);
dev->node.major = major;
dev->node.minor = devno;
dev->node.next = NULL;
link->dev_node = &dev->node;
link->state &= ~DEV_CONFIG_PENDING;
DEBUGP(2, dev, "device " DEVICE_NAME "%d at 0x%.4x-0x%.4x\n", devno,
link->io.BasePort1, link->io.BasePort1+link->io.NumPorts1);
DEBUGP(2, dev, "<- reader_config (succ)\n");
return;
cs_failed:
cs_error(link, fail_fn, fail_rc);
cs_release:
reader_release(link);
link->state &= ~DEV_CONFIG_PENDING;
}
static void reader_release(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
cm4040_reader_release(link->priv);
pcmcia_disable_device(link);
}
static int reader_attach(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
struct reader_dev *dev;
int i;
for (i = 0; i < CM_MAX_DEV; i++) {
if (dev_table[i] == NULL)
break;
}
if (i == CM_MAX_DEV)
return -ENODEV;
dev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct reader_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
if (dev == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
dev->timeout = CCID_DRIVER_MINIMUM_TIMEOUT;
dev->buffer_status = 0;
link->priv = dev;
dev->p_dev = link;
link->conf.IntType = INT_MEMORY_AND_IO;
dev_table[i] = link;
init_waitqueue_head(&dev->devq);
init_waitqueue_head(&dev->poll_wait);
init_waitqueue_head(&dev->read_wait);
init_waitqueue_head(&dev->write_wait);
init_timer(&dev->poll_timer);
dev->poll_timer.function = &cm4040_do_poll;
link->state |= DEV_PRESENT | DEV_CONFIG_PENDING;
reader_config(link, i);
class_device_create(cmx_class, NULL, MKDEV(major, i), NULL,
"cmx%d", i);
return 0;
}
static void reader_detach(struct pcmcia_device *link)
{
struct reader_dev *dev = link->priv;
int devno;
/* find device */
for (devno = 0; devno < CM_MAX_DEV; devno++) {
if (dev_table[devno] == link)
break;
}
if (devno == CM_MAX_DEV)
return;
link->state &= ~DEV_PRESENT;
if (link->state & DEV_CONFIG)
reader_release(link);
dev_table[devno] = NULL;
kfree(dev);
class_device_destroy(cmx_class, MKDEV(major, devno));
return;
}
static struct file_operations reader_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.read = cm4040_read,
.write = cm4040_write,
.open = cm4040_open,
.release = cm4040_close,
.poll = cm4040_poll,
};
static struct pcmcia_device_id cm4040_ids[] = {
PCMCIA_DEVICE_MANF_CARD(0x0223, 0x0200),
PCMCIA_DEVICE_PROD_ID12("OMNIKEY", "CardMan 4040",
0xE32CDD8C, 0x8F23318B),
PCMCIA_DEVICE_NULL,
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pcmcia, cm4040_ids);
static struct pcmcia_driver reader_driver = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.drv = {
.name = "cm4040_cs",
},
.probe = reader_attach,
.remove = reader_detach,
.id_table = cm4040_ids,
};
static int __init cm4040_init(void)
{
int rc;
printk(KERN_INFO "%s\n", version);
cmx_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "cardman_4040");
if (!cmx_class)
return -1;
rc = pcmcia_register_driver(&reader_driver);
if (rc < 0)
return rc;
major = register_chrdev(0, DEVICE_NAME, &reader_fops);
if (major < 0) {
printk(KERN_WARNING MODULE_NAME
": could not get major number\n");
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
static void __exit cm4040_exit(void)
{
printk(KERN_INFO MODULE_NAME ": unloading\n");
pcmcia_unregister_driver(&reader_driver);
unregister_chrdev(major, DEVICE_NAME);
class_destroy(cmx_class);
}
module_init(cm4040_init);
module_exit(cm4040_exit);
MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");