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/*
* (C) Copyright 2015
* Linus Walleij, Linaro
*
* Support for ARM Flash Partitions
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*/
#include <common.h>
#include <command.h>
#include <console.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#define MAX_REGIONS 4
#define MAX_IMAGES 32
struct afs_region {
u32 load_address;
u32 size;
u32 offset;
};
struct afs_image {
flash_info_t *flinfo;
const char *name;
u32 version;
u32 entrypoint;
u32 attributes;
u32 region_count;
struct afs_region regions[MAX_REGIONS];
ulong flash_mem_start;
ulong flash_mem_end;
};
static struct afs_image afs_images[MAX_IMAGES];
static int num_afs_images;
static u32 compute_crc(ulong start, u32 len)
{
u32 sum = 0;
int i;
if (len % 4 != 0) {
printf("bad checksumming\n");
return 0;
}
for (i = 0; i < len; i += 4) {
u32 val;
val = readl((void *)start + i);
if (val > ~sum)
sum++;
sum += val;
}
return ~sum;
}
static void parse_bank(ulong bank)
{
int i;
ulong flstart, flend;
flash_info_t *info;
info = &flash_info[bank];
if (info->flash_id != FLASH_MAN_CFI) {
printf("Bank %lu: missing or unknown FLASH type\n", bank);
return;
}
if (!info->sector_count) {
printf("Bank %lu: no FLASH sectors\n", bank);
return;
}
flstart = info->start[0];
flend = flstart + info->size;
for (i = 0; i < info->sector_count; ++i) {
ulong secend;
u32 foot1, foot2;
if (ctrlc())
break;
if (i == info->sector_count-1)
secend = flend;
else
secend = info->start[i+1];
/* Check for v1 header */
foot1 = readl((void *)secend - 0x0c);
if (foot1 == 0xA0FFFF9FU) {
struct afs_image *afi = &afs_images[num_afs_images];
ulong imginfo;
afi->flinfo = info;
afi->version = 1;
afi->flash_mem_start = readl((void *)secend - 0x10);
afi->flash_mem_end = readl((void *)secend - 0x14);
afi->attributes = readl((void *)secend - 0x08);
/* Adjust to even address */
imginfo = afi->flash_mem_end + afi->flash_mem_end % 4;
/* Record as a single region */
afi->region_count = 1;
afi->regions[0].offset = readl((void *)imginfo + 0x04);
afi->regions[0].load_address =
readl((void *)imginfo + 0x08);
afi->regions[0].size = readl((void *)imginfo + 0x0C);
afi->entrypoint = readl((void *)imginfo + 0x10);
afi->name = (const char *)imginfo + 0x14;
num_afs_images++;
}
/* Check for v2 header */
foot1 = readl((void *)secend - 0x04);
foot2 = readl((void *)secend - 0x08);
/* This makes up the string "HSLFTOOF" flash footer */
if (foot1 == 0x464F4F54U && foot2 == 0x464C5348U) {
struct afs_image *afi = &afs_images[num_afs_images];
ulong imginfo;
u32 block_start, block_end;
int j;
afi->flinfo = info;
afi->version = readl((void *)secend - 0x0c);
imginfo = secend - 0x30 - readl((void *)secend - 0x10);
afi->name = (const char *)secend - 0x30;
afi->entrypoint = readl((void *)imginfo+0x08);
afi->attributes = readl((void *)imginfo+0x0c);
afi->region_count = readl((void *)imginfo+0x10);
block_start = readl((void *)imginfo+0x54);
block_end = readl((void *)imginfo+0x58);
afi->flash_mem_start = afi->flinfo->start[block_start];
afi->flash_mem_end = afi->flinfo->start[block_end];
/*
* Check footer CRC, the algorithm saves the inverse
* checksum as part of the summed words, and thus
* the result should be zero.
*/
if (compute_crc(imginfo + 8, 0x88) != 0) {
printf("BAD CRC on ARM image info\n");
printf("(continuing anyway)\n");
}
/* Parse regions */
for (j = 0; j < afi->region_count; j++) {
afi->regions[j].load_address =
readl((void *)imginfo+0x14 + j*0x10);
afi->regions[j].size =
readl((void *)imginfo+0x18 + j*0x10);
afi->regions[j].offset =
readl((void *)imginfo+0x1c + j*0x10);
/*
* At offset 0x20 + j*0x10 there is a region
* checksum which seems to be the running
* sum + 3, however since we anyway checksum
* the entire footer this is skipped over for
* checking here.
*/
}
num_afs_images++;
}
}
}
static void parse_flash(void)
{
ulong bank;
/* We have already parsed the images in flash */
if (num_afs_images > 0)
return;
for (bank = 0; bank < CONFIG_SYS_MAX_FLASH_BANKS; ++bank)
parse_bank(bank);
}
static int load_image(const char * const name, const ulong address)
{
struct afs_image *afi = NULL;
int i;
parse_flash();
for (i = 0; i < num_afs_images; i++) {
struct afs_image *tmp = &afs_images[i];
if (!strcmp(tmp->name, name)) {
afi = tmp;
break;
}
}
if (!afi) {
printf("image \"%s\" not found in flash\n", name);
return CMD_RET_FAILURE;
}
for (i = 0; i < afi->region_count; i++) {
ulong from, to;
from = afi->flash_mem_start + afi->regions[i].offset;
if (address) {
to = address;
} else if (afi->regions[i].load_address) {
to = afi->regions[i].load_address;
} else {
printf("no valid load address\n");
return CMD_RET_FAILURE;
}
memcpy((void *)to, (void *)from, afi->regions[i].size);
printf("loaded region %d from %08lX to %08lX, %08X bytes\n",
i,
from,
to,
afi->regions[i].size);
}
return CMD_RET_SUCCESS;
}
static void print_images(void)
{
int i;
parse_flash();
for (i = 0; i < num_afs_images; i++) {
struct afs_image *afi = &afs_images[i];
int j;
printf("Image: \"%s\" (v%d):\n", afi->name, afi->version);
printf(" Entry point: 0x%08X\n", afi->entrypoint);
printf(" Attributes: 0x%08X: ", afi->attributes);
if (afi->attributes == 0x01)
printf("ARM executable");
if (afi->attributes == 0x08)
printf("ARM backup");
printf("\n");
printf(" Flash mem start: 0x%08lX\n",
afi->flash_mem_start);
printf(" Flash mem end: 0x%08lX\n",
afi->flash_mem_end);
for (j = 0; j < afi->region_count; j++) {
printf(" region %d\n"
" load address: %08X\n"
" size: %08X\n"
" offset: %08X\n",
j,
afi->regions[j].load_address,
afi->regions[j].size,
afi->regions[j].offset);
}
}
}
static int exists(const char * const name)
{
int i;
parse_flash();
for (i = 0; i < num_afs_images; i++) {
struct afs_image *afi = &afs_images[i];
if (strcmp(afi->name, name) == 0)
return CMD_RET_SUCCESS;
}
return CMD_RET_FAILURE;
}
static int do_afs(cmd_tbl_t *cmdtp, int flag, int argc, char * const argv[])
{
int ret = CMD_RET_SUCCESS;
if (argc == 1) {
print_images();
} else if (argc == 3 && !strcmp(argv[1], "exists")) {
ret = exists(argv[2]);
} else if (argc == 3 && !strcmp(argv[1], "load")) {
ret = load_image(argv[2], 0x0);
} else if (argc == 4 && !strcmp(argv[1], "load")) {
ulong load_addr;
load_addr = simple_strtoul(argv[3], NULL, 16);
ret = load_image(argv[2], load_addr);
} else {
return CMD_RET_USAGE;
}
return ret;
}
U_BOOT_CMD(afs, 4, 0, do_afs, "show AFS partitions",
"no arguments\n"
" - list images in flash\n"
"exists <image>\n"
" - returns 1 if an image exists, else 0\n"
"load <image>\n"
" - load an image to the location indicated in the header\n"
"load <image> 0x<address>\n"
" - load an image to the location specified\n");